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Clearwater, FL 33762

Phone: 727-572-6330
Fax: 727-572-6216

info@norrisprecision.com

Norris Precision Manufacturing Engineering NADCAP ISO9001 AS9100:2004

Pressure Testing

• Computerized hydrostatic, internal pressure testing, up to 7500 psi, is performed using various fluid media.

Hydrostatic tests are conducted under the constraints of either the industry's or the customer's specifications. The vessel is filled with a nearly incompressible liquid - usually water or oil - and examined for leaks or permanent changes in shape. Red or fluorescent dyes are usually added to the water to make leaks easier to see.

The test pressure is always considerably higher than the operating pressure to give a margin for safety. This margin of safety is typically 150% or 5/3 of the design pressure, depending on the regulations that apply. For example, if a cylinder was rated to DOT-2015 PSI (approximately 139 bar), it would be tested at around 3360 PSI (approximately 232 bar). Water is commonly used because it is almost incompressible (compressible only by weight, not air pressure), so will only expand by a very small amount should the vessel split.

If high pressure gas were used, then the gas would expand to perhaps several hundred times its compressed volume in an explosion, with the attendant risk of damage or injury. This is the risk which the testing is intended to mitigate.

 
FDA

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